Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42:

 Although speech is the most advanced form of communication, there are many ways of communicating without using speech. Signals, signs, symbols, and gestures may be found in every known culture. The basic function of signal is to impinge upon the environment in such a way that it attracts attention, as, for example, the dots and dashes of a telegraph circuit. Coded to refer to speech, the potential for communication is very great. Less adaptable to the codification of words, signs also contain meaning in and of themselves. A stop sign or a barber pole conveys meaning quickly and conveniently.  Symbols are more difficult to describe than either signals or signs because of their intricate relationship with the receiver’s cultural perceptions. In some cultures, applauding in a theater provides performers with an auditory symbol of approval. Gestures such as waving and handshaking also communicate certain cultural messages. Although signals, signs, symbols, and gestures are very useful, they do have a major disadvantage in communication. They usually do not allow ideas to be shared without the sender being directly adjacent to the receiver. Without an exchange of ideas, interaction comes to a halt. As a result, means of communication intended to be used for long distances and extended periods must be based upon speech. To radio, television, and the telephone, one must add fax, paging systems, electronic mail, and the Internet, and no one doubts but that there are more means of communication on the horizon.

Question 41: Why were the telephone, radio, and television invented?           

A.

A. Because people were unable to understand signs, signals, and symbols.           

B.

B. Because people believed that signs, signals, and symbols were obsolete.           

C.

C. Because people wanted to communicate across long distances.         

D.

D. Because people wanted new forms of communication.

Đáp án và lời giải
Đáp án:C
Lời giải:

Đáp án C 

Giải thích:

Tại sao điện thoại, radio và truền hình được phát hình?

A. Vì con người không thể hiểu những dấu hiệu, tín hiệu và biểu tượng.

B. Vì con người tin rằng những dấu hiệu, tín hiệu và biểu tượng là lỗi thời.

C. Vì con người muốn giao tiếp ở những khoảng cách xa.

D. Vì con người muốn những hình thức giao tiếp mới.

Dẫn chứng: To radio, television, and the telephone, one must add fax, paging systems, electronic mail, and the Internet, and no one doubts but that there are more means of communication on the horizon.    

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