Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 1 to 5:

A surprising number of popular spectator sports, for example football or baseball, (1)______ in Europe or the USA in the nineteenth century. This did not happen by chance. It was the (2) ______ of changes in the way people lived in those places at that time. Until then, more people lived in the country than in towns. They worked in small groups and had no regular time off. All this changed with the growth of factories and industry in the nineteenth century, first in Europe and (3) ______ in the USA. For the first time, most people began to live in towns, and they found themselves with regular free time. They had more leisure time than ever before. This resulted in the need for organized entertainment. Suitable games developed or were invented, typically team games, in which the crowd could (4) ______ sides and become involved. This gave people some of the entertainment they need in their free time. The recent explosion in TV, with the introduction of satellite and cable channels, has caused an increase in (5) ______ for sports as entertainment. The money TV has brought to games such as football, tennis and baseball means that spectator sports will certainly go on playing an important part in our lives.

Question 2:

A.

A. result

B.

B. cause

C.

C. reason 

D.

D. effect

Đáp án và lời giải
Đáp án:A
Lời giải:

Đáp án A

Result: kết quả, hậu quả. Cause: gây ra, nguyên nhân. Reason: lý do. Effect: ảnh hưởng. Dịch câu: Đó là kết quả của những thay đổi trong cách mọi người sống ở những nơi đó vào thời điểm đó.    

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