Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions below:

 In addition to their military role, the forts of the nineteenth century provided numerous other benefits for the American West. The establishment of these posts opened new roads and provided for the protection of daring adventurers and expeditions as well as established settlers. Forts also served as bases where enterprising entrepreneurs could bring commerce to the West, providing supplies and refreshments to soldiers as well as to pioneers. Posts like Fort Laramie provided supplies for wagon trains traveling the natural highways toward new frontiers. Some posts became stations for the pony express; still others, such as Fort Davis, were stagecoach stops for weary travelers. All of these functions, of course, suggest that the contributions of the forts to the civilization and development of the West extended beyond patrol duty.

 Through the establishment of military posts, yet other contributions were made to the development of western culture. Many posts maintained libraries or reading rooms, and some - for example, Fort Davis - had schools. Post chapels provided a setting for religious services and weddings. Throughout the wilderness, post bands provided entertainment and boosted morale. During the last part of the nineteenth century, to reduce expenses, gardening was encouraged at the forts, thus making experimental agriculture another activity of the military. The military stationed at the various forts also played a role in civilian life by assisting in maintaining order, and civilian officials often called on the army for protection.

 Certainly, among other significant contributions the army made to the improvement of the conditions of life was the investigation of the relationships among health, climate, and architecture. From the earliest colonial times throughout the nineteenth century, disease ranked as the foremost problem in defense. It slowed construction of forts and inhibited their military functions. Official documents from many regions contained innumerable reports of sickness that virtually incapacitated entire garrisons and climate and their relationships to the frequency of the occurrence of various diseases were recorded at various posts across the nation by military surgeons.

Question 35: How did the military assist in the investigation of health problems?         

A.

A: By registering annual birth and death rates

B.

B: By experiments with different building materials

C.

C: By maintaining records of diseases and potential causes

D.

D: By monitoring the soldiers' diets

Đáp án và lời giải
Đáp án:C
Lời giải:

Đáp án C

Đây là dạng câu hỏi về thông tin chi tiết có trong bài.

Dịch câu hỏi: Quân đội trợ giúp cho việc điều tra về vấn đề sức khỏe bằng cách nào?

Theo thông tin xuất hiện đoạn 3 “Official documents from many regions contained innumerable reports of sickness that virtually incapacitated entire garrisons .... the frequency of the occurrence of various diseases were recorded at various posts across the nation by military surgeons.” 

Dịch: Tài liệu chính thức từ nhiều vùng có lưu vô số các báo cáo về bệnh tật ảnh hưởng nguy hại đến toàn bộ binh lính … tần suất xuất hiện nhiều cách bệnh khác nhau được các bác sĩ quân y ghi lại tại các pháo đài khác nhau trên khắp cả nước

=> Bằng việc lưu giữ hồ sơ về bệnh tật và các nguyên nhân tiềm tàng là cách quân đội hỗ trợ cho công tác điều tra vấn đề sức khỏe.  

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