Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions:

Who talk more – men or women? Most people believe that women talk more. However, linguist Deborah Tannen, who has studied the communication style of men and women , says that this is a stereotype . According to Tannen, women are more verbal – talk more – in private situations , where they use conversation as the “glue” to hold relationships together. But, she says, men talk more in public situations, where they use conversation to exchange information and gain status. Tannen points out that we can see these differences even in children. Little girls often play with one “best friend”, their play includes a lot of conversation. Little boys often play games in groups; their play usually involves more doing than talking. In school, girls are often better at verbal skills, boys are often better at mathematics.         

A recent study at Emory University helps to shed light on the roots of this difference. Researchers studied conversation between children age 3-6 and their parents. They found evidence that parents talk very differently to their son than they do to their daughters. The startling conclusion was that parents use more language with their girls. Specifically, when parents talk with their daughters , they use more descriptive language and more details. There is also far more talk about emotions, especially sadness, with daughters than with sons.  


Question: Which of the following statements can be inferred from the second paragraph?  


A. A recent study found that parents talk differently to their sons and daughters.         


B. Boys don't like to be with their parents as much as girls do.         


C. Parents don't enjoy talking with their sons as much as with their daughters.       


D. Girls have more practice discussing sadness than boys do.  

Đáp án và lời giải
Đáp án:A
Lời giải:

Đáp án A

Dịch: Những câu nào dưới đây có thể được suy ra từ đoạn thứ hai?

A. Một nghiên cứu gần đây cho thấy cha mẹ nói khác với con trai và con gái của họ.

B. Con trai không thích được ở cùng bố mẹ nhiều như con gái.

C. Cha mẹ không thích nói chuyện với con trai của họ nhiều như với con gái của họ.

D. Các em gái có nhiều tập luyện hơn về nói về nỗi buồn so với các em trai.

Giải thích: Dựa vào câu sau “They found evidence that parents talk very differently to their son than they do to their daughters.”    

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